I lack serious knowledge about Workflows when it comes to SharePoint. I've worked with them briefly, but not nearly as much as I should have. Recently I was asked a pretty basic SharePoint workflow question which forced me to find out what workflows come out of the box with SharePoint. Here is a listing of the out of the box SharePoint workflows taken from the SharePoint Team Blog.
|Approval ||Routes a document for approval. Approvers can approve or reject the document, reassign the approval task, or request changes to the document. |
|Collect Feedback ||Routes a document for review. Reviewers can provide feedback, which is compiled and sent to the document owner when the workflow has completed. |
|Collect Signatures ||Gathers signatures needed to complete an Office document. This workflow can be started only from within an Office client. |
|Disposition Approval ||Manages document expiration and retention by allowing participants to decide whether to retain or delete expired documents. |
|Group Approval ||Similar to the Approval workflow, but uses a designated document library and offers a personalized view of the approval process(es) in which a user is participating. This workflow provides a hierarchical organization chart from which to select the approvers and allows the approvers to use a stamp control instead of a signature. This solution was designed specifically for East Asian Markets. |
|Translation Management ||Manages document translation by creating copies of the document to be translated and assigning translation tasks to translators. |
|Issue Tracking ||Manages the issue tracking process by creating tasks for Active issues assigned to users who own to a given issue. When the task related to an issue is complete hence resolving the issue, the creator of the issue is assigned a review task so that the issue can be closed. |